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This month's Topic is Education.

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Background Report tab.

Latrines

Created by


Haiti latrine - anhglobalningcom2
Land where we want to build6
Our houses near location4





Cost

Basic current financial cost, from Cajuste (July 2010):
15 bags of Cement $140us
200 blocks $107
6 sheet of metals $55us
2 doors $40
12 wood $50
Labors $160
Total $551

Resources

Low-cost sanitation: An overview of available methods
Sanitation in low income urban communities
Sanitation in urban and peri-urban areas of Cap-Haitien: the promotion of different latrine options through a social marketing approach

Facts

More than 1.1 billion people around the world do not have access to clean drinking water. And waterborne illnesses cause the deaths of over 4,900 people per day, most of them children under the age of five.
* 2.2 million people in developing countries die every year from diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
* Improvements in drinking-water quality through household water treatment (HWT) can lead to a reduction of diarrhoeal episodes by between 35% and 39%.
* The average person in the developing world uses 10 litres of water per day, the average North American uses more than 300 litres per day.
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Should safe water be a basic human right or an expensive luxury? Unfortunately, for 4.5 million of the 7 million population in the nation of Haiti, the latter applies! Haiti is the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere. For sixty-three per cent of its population, the daily search for water is a nightmare. A local Haitian newspaper has reported that potable water is "far from the cup to the lips". Carrying their buckets, families walk for miles in search for water and when they reach the water source, the families often cannot afford the high cost. Vendors can charge up to 100 times as much as the cost of the tap water. This represents one-half of the family's daily food budget.
The world's poorest people pay the highest prices for water and in return they often receive water contaminated by sewage. Haitians have a per capita income of approximately $300 and they spend an average of twelve percent of that to get water.
About seventy-five percent of Haiti's population live in abject poverty. Infant mortality is over ten percent. The non-potable water becomes a breeding ground for typhoid and cholera -- diseases to which children are particularly susceptible. Access to safe water must be seen as a basic human right and a key factor in the fight against disease.
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One third of newborn babies are born underweight; acute malnutrition among children under 5 is 9 percent; chronic malnutrition is 24 percent; 50 percent of pregnant women and two thirds of children under 5 are affected by anaemia. National surveys show that 72 percent of children aged 6

More possibilities

Ecological toilets
Several systems exist for this purpose, all transforming human excreta into compost, such as double-vault dehydrating toilets, biogas production systems, the Arborloo, etc. For Morgan (1999),

Why we want to create this project

(1) We have no sanitation facilities at all now. Everyone has to use the vacant land behind our houses. That is dirty, unsafe, and embarrassing. We need this for our health and dignity of our families.
(2) Once the latrine is built and our family members are trained to use it properly, we can expect to have fewer illnesses or diseases caused by unsanitary conditions. It will also help us take control of our own lives, and show our neighbors that we can improve our communities and make them a better place.
(3) We are all partners of People in Need, and met each other there. We get along with each other well and decided that we can work together to create this Proposal. If it works, we have plans to create other Proposals to make even more improvements.

How will we create it?

(1) We plan to hire the husband of one of our members to do the actual construction of the Latrine. He is a carpenter and cement worker and is fully capable of building it, using the plans that were provided to us by People in Need. We will pay him a fair wage for this labor ($40 US). People in Need management has also agreed to provide any necessary training and tools to help us with this. Details about the construction are at the link at the right.
(2) The latrine will be built in the empty piece of land that is between our houses. You can see photos of this in this Proposal. This land does not belong to us, but we have agreed to pay the community a rent of $10 US per month to be able to put the Latrine there. They have agreed, and the funds will be used to help keep the neighborhood clean (another group is submitting a Proposal to use the money for that!)
(3) The Coordinator of this project is Venete Pierre.

How will it work?

(1) The Latrine is meant mainly for the use of our families. With all the members of our households, including us, husbands, children, and the other people living in our homes, there will be a total of about 30 people who will use it for free. Other people may use it but must pay a low fee of one gourde per month per person to use it. This money will be collected by the Coordinator of the project, Venete. If there is extra money, this will be distributed to all the members of the Proposal.
(2) We have decided that one member of our group will be responsible for maintaining and cleaning the latrine each month. Since there are five members in our group, after the first five months the first person will have to clean again for a month, and so on. According to the training we have received, we know exactly how to take care of the latrine, and we have a plan to teach every who will use it how to do that (for instance, after each use some clay has to be sprinkled in the latrine).
(3) Venete is responsible for corresponding with everyone who contributed to this Proposal, such as answering their questions, and making updates so you can see how the project is going and what is happening. Each member will help with the construction, where necessary, and will make sure that the latrine is taken care of properly. Also, each member is responsible for maintenance during the month they are assigned to it.





Water purification systems

Created by


Biosand filter22
Cement foundation and cover2
Completed system2
Final work on system2
Water tank2





We are not trying to create our own projects. The special feature of PINP is that we have innovative ways to spread and share projects, by creating relationships and proposals. There are several groups already working in Cite Soleil that can help us create Proposals to install the water purification systems.
We need a professional presentation about our plan (proposal). This includes a clear, detailed explanation of: What we plan to build; Why it is necessary; Who will build it and the construction method; How it will be used; and Who will maintain it and who will pay for ongoing maintenance. We will also want photos of the exact locations they will be (and information about the legal ramifications of putting them there). Also, how much will it cost for local families to use?

Budget

Budget
The exact cost of Materials is $150
Labors $20
We need $50 for building a around place to put the tank.
25 bricks, 2 bags of cement, 5 wheelbarrow sand.
Tank $150.
branch of dirty water $200 includes technicians fee, dig the hole to put the pipes.
$150 for the water purify system.
By the way any body who want to get a branch from the company which save the running water they have to pay 10000 gourdes for connecting to that company. And they pay 1500 gourdes per month because they sell the water by gallons and buckets.
So they are doing an especial deal with us to sell us the water because we are an organization. frankly, there is no doubt.
I don't think $200 will enough for the labor and includes materials:
We need 10 pipes 3 3/4. 4 pipes inches. 8 curves. Glue 1 1/4. 6 accord. 2 T. 2 adapters. 2 vanes 3/4. 1 Vanes inch. Rectifier 1 inch x 3/4. 25 bricks 15. 2 bags of Cement. 5 wheelbarrows sand.
It will purify 150 Gallons per day. since you will be send the money, it will take three days. I think the water purify will use only for our Haitian partners. I think we create a link where they abroad partners can pay a commitment of $5 per month and $50 for a year. And any abroad partners who contribute funds for that option will give their partners a Water Card and we will have someone give the water to the Haitian partners.
Since we don't have many contributor in the beginning of the project, some of the Haitian partners have to pay a small fee of 1 gourde per gallon.
We need to pay the person who charge to give the water to the Haitian partners. ($25US)
We also need to pay for the dirty water each month but we don't know the price yet because they have to know how many gallons we use for the month and will charge us for what we are using.
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From Cajuste, Aug 21, 2008: $24,778
Two tanks (to hold water?): $1200 US
Box of filters: $330 US
Supplies Filter (what are these?): $150 US
A truck of water: $230 US
Transportation: $310 US
Installation: $400 US
Total money for filter: $2,620 US
Construction (House build): $22,158 US
Grand Total $24,778 US

Correspondence

Cajuste,
There are two possibilities for the water purification system. You can see them both on our Proposals page. Press the link on the right for Water Purification. The first one is the Biosand filter that we talked about before. The second is the Chlorinators installed by International Action. You can see their site here: http://www.haitiwater.org/. They have already installed some of these in Cite Soleil. For instance, I read this: "I noticed the difference. Kids used to get sick before. Not anymore. Water is very good. Food is the problem. The only thing that works in this area is water."
Dieula Croissy
President of Drouillard (Cite Soleil)
(4 chlorinators installed - 15,000 residents)
..
To: Roman Cipus, Pure Water for the World
I received a note from Chris Rolling of Clean Water for Haiti suggesting that I contact you about the possibility of purchasing (or installing) a couple of water filters for families living in Cite Soleil. People in Need is developing a new idea called Proposals which invites people in need to initiate their own projects, and to take responsibility for fund-raising, building, and maintaining the project. One of the possibilities we are assisting with is to install these inexpensive water filters. If the idea is successful, we hope that many others might choose to make this Proposal.
People in Need is a small organization which connects people living in extreme poverty with others through dynamic human relationships. My contact information, and that of Cajuste Jean-Louis, our Haiti Director, is below. Please let me know if you have any questions or need more information from me. We love the simple and effective design of your water filter and hope to be able to make use of them in our work in Haiti.
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Chris,
Thanks for responding to my request about information on your water filters and program. I forwarded the letter I sent to Roman Cipus. We are doing a pilot 'Proposal,' and if we find that it is successful and there is interest in expanding I'll let you know and perhaps we can participate in one of your classes. By the way, we don't plan on giving away the filters either - one of the crucial components of Proposals is that each group raises funds independently through our website.
Sincerely,
Geoff
Geoff Bederson
People in Need
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Subject: [Fwd: FW: Puchase Biosand filters for Haiti?] From: Chris Rolling 2008-12-08 08:50
Dear Geoff:
Pure Water for the World is building filters for Cite Soleil at the moment. I believe all of their filters are going to schools, but the filter is a household filter and is ideally suited to go in people's homes. I'm not sure, but I suspect if you contact Roman Cipus of Pure Water for the World you could arrange to have filters installed in homes in Cite Soleil for $40 USD each. Please note: in our own program, we never give away filters but instead sell the filters for a low, subsidized price ($5 USD, 200 gourdes). Roman can be contacted at roman.cipus@gmail.com. I have cc'd him this email.
In regards to training, the March 21 Vision Trip doesn't involve training at all, it's a trip organized for non-Haitians to come and learn something about Haiti and the work we do here. We have space available in our Feb 8-13 and Feb 22-27 classes, and we will schedule more classes for the spring. However, the classes are for organizations who are fully prepared to start filter projects with a source of financing, workyard and project manager already picked out. We strongly discourage micro-enterprise with the biosand filters as it has been tried and failed many times in the years 2002-2004. The classes cost $150 USD per student and included room and board. We also sell molds at $450 USD each and offer filter diffusion plates and tubes for 50 gourdes and 25 gourdes respectively as a service to Haiti's other biosand filter projects.
Chris Rolling

Clean Water for Haiti Biosand filtration systems

Clean Water for Haiti - $40 Water filtration system
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Look at this site for information about how to build a $40 water filtration system: www.cleanwaterforhaiti.org.
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Through Biosand filter projects CWH is able to provide a simple, effective, and affordable solution to the lack of clean water sources for Haitian families. The household slow sand Biosand filter is a simple design that uses basic readily available materials, allows for easy production, and they are easy to transport. There are no moving parts, they do not require electricity and can be used by even the youngest members of the family. With minimal maintenance a Biosand filter can work effectively for over 20 years and can be manufactured, delivered
and installed for about $40 US.
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CWH staff provide essential education and support to filter recipients and their communities. By educating people in proper filter use and good sanitation and hygiene practices, we are able to give them resources, not only for clean water, but also so they can take proactive steps to prevent the spread of disease which gives them control over their own health.
..
It



Water Purification in Cite Soleil
Entry date: Jul 11, 2012


More stuff from the last tab.

Infrastructure Water Skills : Solar purification

Solar water purification

"Solar water disinfection, also known as SODIS is a method of disinfecting water using only sunlight and plastic PET bottles. SODIS is a free and effective method for decentralized water treatment, usually applied at the household level and is recommended by the World Health Organization as a viable method for household water treatment and safe storage. SODIS is already applied in numerous developing countries. Educational pamphlets on the method are available in many languages, each equivalent to the English language version." Wikipedia



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Infrastructure Skills : Other

Where to put your house
Improve this Skills area of Infrastructure – think of better topics than we have listed currently.



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Infrastructure Sanitation Skills : Cleaning the area

Sanitation: Cleaning the neighborhood
Training in bringing garbage at correct time and place for collection by city.



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Infrastructure Skills : Why it is important

The importance of infrastructure
The importance of decent infrastructure, including purified water, sanitation facilities, clean areas, safe shelter, shower facilities, trees, etc.



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Infrastructure Skills : Solar light bottles

Solar powered light bottles
Save electricity by using plastic bottles for light in shacks with tin roofs.
Innovative thinking as brought light to the normally dark village of Sitio Maligaya, located in the Philippines. Using accessable materials such recycled soda bottles, water and sun light, this rural area has created a cheap and easy light source.

Soda Bottle Solar-Powered Lights
http://www.globalinnovationcommons.org/blog/soda-bottle-solar-powered-lights-innovative-thinking-its-finest-0





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Personal Action tab.

Infrastructure Water Direct action : Filter & tank

Water purification filter and tank

The water purification filter and tank is large enough to serve an entire neighborhood. Since the cost is about $2,000, this is a project that requires fundraising by global partners, and an explicit commitment by a group of Haitian partners to maintain the completed system.

When complete, People in Need Partnership participants receive free purified water, and others in the neighborhood pay a small fee.

We use the Biosand Filter in the system for purification.

Fundraising information and background about how a Proposal for a larger scale project works is here.




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Infrastructure Direct action : Solar powered bottles

Save electricity by using plastic bottles for light in shacks with tin roofs.
Innovative thinking as brought light to the normally dark village of Sitio Maligaya, located in the Philippines. Using accessable materials such recycled soda bottles, water and sun light, this rural area has created a cheap and easy light source.



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Light bottle
Light bottle
 
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Infrastructure Direct action : Other

Water transportation (See Resources)
Grinder or mill


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Infrastructure Direct action : Efficient stoves

Burning wood or charcoal is expensive, inefficient, and bad for the environment. Efficient, ecological stoves, such as those made by Approvecho, are a significant improvement.


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Infrastructure Sanitation Direct action : Shower / bathing




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Infrastructure Direct action : Electricity

The neighborhood OR each family needs access to electricity. Should there be one system for the whole community?
This could involve solar panels, or a generator. A transformer is also required.



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Infrastructure Direct action : Planting trees

$500
Coordinator
Buy seeds
Buy small bags
Provide water
Can government provide trees? Probably
100 trees
Buy water 5 gourdes
Water the trees



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